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2018-2019高一英语下学期开学试卷附答案第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分)第一节 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一 小题。每段对话仅读一遍。1. What is the man going to do next Wednesday afternoon? A. Have a meeting. B. Plant some trees. C. Pick up his mother.2. What is the man looking for? A. Something to wear. B. Something to eat. C. Something to play with.3. Why was the man late? A. His taxi got into an accident. B. His car broke down. C. He ran out of gas.4. Which country is the woman’s family going to visit? A. France. B. Greece. C. Spain.5. What are the speakers talking about? A. A novel. B. A library. C. A hobby.第二节 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项 中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小 题 5 秒钟;听完后, 各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。听第 6 段材料, 回答第 6、7 题。6.Where does the woman want to go? A. To a park. B. To a hotel. C. To a college.7. How will the woman get to her destination(目的地)? A. On foot. B. By bus. C. By taxi.听第 7 段材料,回答第 8至10 题。8. What will the woman do tomorrow?A. Take a math test. B. Turn in her writing homework. C. Study for an English test.9. Who is Mr. Lee?A. An English teacher. B. A math teacher. C. The man’s father.10. What is the man good at?A. English. B. Chinese writing. C. Math.听第 8 段材料,回答第 11至 13 题。11. Why isn’t the woman in the office very often?A. She can’t work well there. B. She has many classes to teach. C. She isn’t a popular person.12. Who is Tom?A. The speakers’ co-worker. B. The speakers’ student. C. The speakers’ boss.13. What does the woman suggest doing?A. Having a talk with Tom.B. Moving to another office.C. Asking for a meeting room.听第 9 段材料,回答第 14至 16 题。14. Who is the woman shopping for?A. Her father. B. Her mother. C. Her brother.15. What is the man going to buy?A. Some plants. B.Some earrings. C. Some chocolate.16. What is the woman’s plan for Christmas?A. Visiting her relatives. B. Traveling to New York. C. Staying with her family.听第10 段材料,回答第17至20 题。17. Where was Tea Obreht born?A. In Egypt. B. In Cyprus. C. In Yogoslavia.18. When was Tea Obreht’s first novel published?A. In 1997. B. In 2010. C. In 2011.19. What happened to Tea Obreht in 2009?A. She got an MFA from Cornell University.B. She won the Orange Prize for Fiction.C. She moved to the United States.20.Where can Tea Obreht’s work be found?A.In The New York Times. B. In The Guardian. C. In The Orange.第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 35 分)第一节 (共 10 小题;每小题 2.5 分,满分 25 分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项 涂黑。AI had an old neighbor, a doctor named Gibbs. When Doctor Gibbs wasn’t saving lives, he was planting trees. He had some interesting theories about planting trees. He hardly watered his new trees.Once I asked why and he told me that watering plants damaged them because it made them growweaker. He said he had to make things difficult for the trees so that only the strongest could survive. He talked about how watering trees made them develop shallow roots and how, if they were not watered, trees would grow deep roots in search of water.So, instead of watering his trees every morning, he’d beat them with a rolled up newspaper. I asked him why he did that, and he said it was to get the trees’ attention.Doctor Gibbs died a couple of years after I left home. Sometimes I walked by his house and looked at the trees I’d watched him plant 25 years ago. They were tall and strong.I planted several trees myself a few years ago. Two years of caring for these trees meant they grew up weakly. Whenever a cold wind blew, my trees trembled. Adversity seemed to benefit Doctor Gibb's trees in ways comfort and ease never could.Every night before I go to bed, I check on my two sons. I often pray that their lives will be easy. But lately I’ve been thinking that it’s time to change my prayer. I know my children are going to experience difficulties. There’s always a cold wind blowing somewhere. What we need to do is to pray for deep roots, so when the rains fall and the winds blow, we won’t be torn apart.21.How did the author feel about Doctor Gibbs’s planting trees at first?A. Great. B. Impractical. C. shocked. D. Puzzled.22.What did Doctor Gibbs do to the trees he planted?A. He let them grow quickly. B. He beat them to get their attention.C. He helped them search for water. D. He read a newspaper near them.23.What does the word "Adversity" in paragraph 5 mean?A. Bad weather. B. A shortage of water.C. Enough care or attention. D. Difficult living conditions.24. What does the author learn from Doctor Gibbs?A.Elders are treasures.B. Two heads are better than one.C. No pain, no gain.D. Only those who bear the most become the highest.B.A lifetime of active exercise will let you keep the body of a 20-year-old well into your 70s, scientists have found.The physical decline (衰退) thought to be an unavoidable part of ageing is actually the result of notexercising enough, according to the research, which found that regular cyclists kept the muscles, lungs, and even the immune system (免疫系统) of people years younger. Besides, many serious health problems could be prevented if people became more active, researchers insist.Janet Lord, a leading researcher, said, “Our findings prove the false belief that ageing automatically makes us weaker. We now have strong evidence that encouraging people to do regular exercise throughout their lives can solve the problem that we are living longer but not healthier.”She looked at 125 cyclists aged 55 to 79 who had been exercising regularly for 25 years and compared them with 75 ordinary people of a similar age and 55 people aged 20 to 36. On a series of physical measures, the cyclists showed no difference from people much younger in their immune systems and making T cells.Now Professor Lord aims to discover how much exercise people need to do to stay young. “You needn’t work out a lot. It may be intensity (强度) that helps—like going up and down the stairs ten times a day.”While there is no magic method of staying mentally and physically fit in later life, the benefits of keeping active can never be ignored, whatever your age or state of health.25. According to the research, what is the reason for physical decline?A.The failure of lungs. B. The poor state of health.C. The increase of physical activity. D. The lack of regular exercise.26. Which of the following statements would Professor Lord probably agree with?A.Ageing automatically makes people increasingly weaker.B. People need a large amount of exercise to stay young.C. The intensity of exercise matters in slowing down ageing.D. What people need to stay fit in later life is a magic method.27. What is the main purpose of the passage?A.To stress the importance of being physically active.B. To explain the effects of the immune system.C. To introduce the ways to stay fit.D. To discuss the benefits of regular cycling.CWe bet that on cold winter days, many of you love to stay in your warm home and, every now and then, come out into the kitchen for a snack. Unfortunately, plenty of small insects like to do the same thing! Winter is the time when small insects enter your house without an invitation. The season can be difficult for such creatures. In winter the air is cold, the ground is hard and many trees have no leaves. Sosmall insects do what they have to do to survive.Monarch butterflies head south to warmer climates. Ants crowd in deep underground colonies and eat food they have been storing all year. Many insects go into a deep sleep called diapauses. There're different kinds of diapauses, but all are similar to hibernation, a time when bigger animals become inactive in the cold. Insects go into an inactive period, too, but it often isn't when the temperature drops.They rely on more dependable signals in the environment. For example, many insects can tell how much sunlight there's each day. They use that to tell themselves when to shut down. Insects are cold-blooded, meaning that their inside temperature is the same as the outside. They can't move much when it gets below 40 degrees Fahrenheit. So they search for any warm place.They're looking for protection. These guys have been doing this for 300 million years, so they don't really know they're coming into your house. The home is a recent event in terms of their evolutionary (进 化的) behavior. They enter through tiny cracks or come in unnoticed on your clothes or shoes. Remember that they may be entering your homes for warmth and food, but they don't care about humans.28. What often decides insects’ diapauses?A. The lower local temperature. B. The amount of sunlight.C. The insects’ inside temperature. D. Kinds of environmental signals.29. According to the text, insects enter humans' homes to .A. seek for protection B. look for enough foodC. attack humans D. show their evolutionary results30. What would be the best title for the text?A. Insects’ life on cold winter days.B. Good relations between humans and insects.C. Why do insects go into your home in winter?D. What does diapause mean?第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Four Ways to Give Truly Meaningful GiftsBuying someone you love a gift that expresses your truest feelings isn’t always easy. But when you get it right, the joy they show is worth it. 31 ●Listen up.While you may think it’s a great idea to surprise someone by giving them something you think is meaningful, it’s best to get them exactly what they have told you. For example, you heard friends say they wanted the newest bike but you bought them a gym membership instead. 32 So get them what they’ve specially asked for.● 33 In the spirit of showing love, we might go big. However, we may not be thinking of what really makes the person happy. You might think buying your father the latest TV is perfect, but then when you get it home, it lights up the living room like a stadium and is totally wrong for the space. So think smart.●Keep it open.Many of us may consider giving cash impersonal(没人情味的). But this may save you some concern. The receiver can be allowed to choose whatever they want. In a recent survey of over 7,000 Black Friday shoppers, 39 percent said the receiver they were shopping for was “picky(挑剔)”. 34 ●Create an experience.Visit websites where you can get the latest tickets for a play, buy a surf lesson, or even something unexpected like a flight lesson. 35 For example, if your kids are into NASCAR, just imagine the look on their faces when you score them a ride at a race car driving school. So give them a time that they will remember to heart.A. Ignore the size.B. Go for something big.C. Well, that was the wrong move.D .If possible, cut down the cost of the gifts.E. These are things that can create a lasting memory.F. Here’s how to discover a gift your receiver will love.G. So save yourself the second guess and give cash instead.第三部分:语言运用(共两节,满分 60 分)第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳 选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。 完形ALast weekend I took a bus to New York City. As I took the window seat and wore headphones over ears, I almost didn't 36 an elderly an sitting beside me.Two hours passed and I was still buried in my own world. 37 the elderly man asked me a simple question 38 the bus's Wi-Fi connection, which turned into a two-hour 39 . In fact, it directly 40 my personal life.We talked a lot about my dreams, my fears and my life. I 41 more with this stranger on the bus than I have with any friend or family member in months. Maybe it is because I am 42 to let anyone I know close to me. I was 43 that the stranger was not only deeply interested in getting to know me, but also just willing to 44 me to my greatest abilities. He listened carefully to every word I said and made some useful 45 at times. Instead of politely 46 his head when I mentioned my major, he told me that my strong liking seemed to be psychology but not the one I was studying and that he fully understood my 47 for the failure.This elderly man made me 48 the plans that I had made for my life with just that simple statement. He helped me realize that my carefully 49 plan for the next five years of my life wasn't all that good, but actually complex and filled with 50 . Most of all, he helped me 51 the complex rather than stay away from it because of my fear for the unknown. I 52 a lot from talking with the elderly stranger.A few days later, he emailed me, saying, "I think you're 53 for great things whatever you decide to do." The email, filled with words of 54 , made me realize that life is sometimes 55 but it is going to be okay.36. A. check B. notice C. excuse D. believe37. A. Then B. Instead C. Again D. Also38. A. through B. with C. during D. about39. A. introduction B. explanation C. conversation D. competition40. A. affected B. controlled C. reminded D. created41. A. searched B. shared C. demanded D. reviewed42. A. sorry B. curious C. anxious D. afraid43. A. puzzled B. worried C. amazed D. disappointed44. A. push B. invite C. treat D. admit45. A. choices B. suggestions C. decisions D. efforts46. A. raising B. dropping C. turning D. nodding47. A. regret B. change C. fear D. desire48. A. prepare B. develop C. consult D. question49. A. replaced B. organized C. discussed D. predicted50. A. uncertainty B. danger C. responsibility D. conflict51. A. spot B. ignore C. seize D. accept52. A. suffered B. increased C. benefited D. experienced53. A. leaving B. heading C. watching D. caring54. A. encouragement B. protection C. admiration D. description55. A. genuine B. normal C. painful D. serious完形填空B(共15 小题;每小题 1分,满分 15 分) 完形BOnce a little boy found a caterpillar(蝴蝶幼虫). After he was allowed to 56 it at home, the little boy got a large box from his mother and put plants to eat, and a stick to climb on. One day the caterpillar climbed up the stick and started acting 57 . The boy worriedly called his mother who came and understo
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