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现代大学英语精读Book One 课后练习答案 Unit One Half a Day Vocabulary 1 Become familiar with the rules of word formation I identify the parts of speech of the following words and list the suffixes used. Noun suffixes:-tion,-ment, -ing, -ness, -or/er Adjective suffixes: -ful, -less, -ed. Adverb suffixes: -ly 2 Write down the corresponding adverbs, adjectives, nouns or verbs of the following words. 1. Their corresponding adverbs are: Simply, hurriedly, terribly, possibly, miserably, politely, fortunately, practically, physically, favorably, roughly, seriously. 2. Their corresponding adjectives are: Complete, accurate, particular, total, absolute, easy, angry, miserable, exact, final. 3. Their corresponding nouns are: Power(powerfulness), success(successfulness), care(carefulness),tear(tearfulness), meaning(meaninglessness), home(homelessness), price (pricelessness) 4. Their corresponding verbs are: Express, impress, attend, celebrate, attract, spell, produce, pollute, prevent, oppose, organize, inform, appoint, require, judge. 3 Translate 1. 一个有用的词， 2一条很有帮助的建议 3. 一次痛苦的经历 4. 一个含泪的声音 5. 一场无望的战争 6 一颗无价的宝石 7. 一本无用的书 8. 仔细一看 9. 一个多事的年份 10.一个有害的习惯 11. 一只对人无害的动物 12. 一个无耻的撒谎者 13.一个无阶级的社会14. 很有希望的形势 15． 一次富有成果的访问 16. 一支强大的军队 17. 一个粗心的错误 18. 一个无家可的孩子 19. 一个牙齿已掉光的老汉 20.一朵无名的花。 4．．Complete the sentence by translating the Chinese in the brackets 1.differ 2. 2. differently, different 3. 3. difference. 4. serious, serious, seriously 5. seriousness, seriously polluted. 6. Fortunately/Luckily, pollution, seriously, pollute 7. attention. 8. attentively, attentive. 2. complete the following verb+noun collocations or expression 1. take 2. lose/find 3. dry 4. play 5. take/have 6. tell/read/write 7. change/speak/read/cross 8. life/facts/reality/difficulties 9. an event/a plan/ the news/ the death/ the marriage 10. a country/ a place/ privacy 11. a river/ a street/ a bridge/ a desert/ the sea 12. an end/ a decision/ a place 14. workers/ waiters/ servants/ people. 3 Fill the blanks with the correct forms of phrases and expressions listed below. 1. on their own 2. show off 3. burst into 4. give rise to 5. brought about 6. to resort to 7. clinging to 8. gave rise to 9. took advantage of 10. in vain, make, out of 4.Translate the following sentences using words and expressions take from the text. 5.Fill in the blanks with the correct prepositions or adverbs 1. of 2. from. 3. for 4. out 5. up. 6. up 7. up for 8. out 9. with 10. of 11. of 12. of 13. up 6. Complete the sentences by translating the Chinese in the brackets. 1. the door locked, very angry 2.the city gate wide open, playing the guqin, it very strange 3. quite obvious/clear, his successor 4. worried/anxious, talking to yourself 5. so heavily polluted, pay (the price) 6. the ground shaking/trembling/quaking, rolling down 7. laugh, laugh himself 8. put these things in order, do it 9. lying in the grass, covered with blood 10. interested in gardening or painting, keep him busy 11. hear her say,put off/postponed 7. Fill in each blank with the correct form 1. high/tall, huge 2. vast, high 3. tall, big/large 4. every, affairs 5.matter, countries/nations, big/huge 6. affair, nation, matter 7. state 8. a few, gig/huge/great, high 9.everything, something 10. Anybody, any, nothing, nothing, nothing 11. little, few, a little, a few Grammar 1. Combine each pair of the sentences following one of the examples. 1. Those who went to the lecture hall early had the front seats. 2. A dictionary is a book that explains the meaning and usage of words. 3.A library is a building or an organization that has a collection of books for people to read o r borrow. 4. The man employed at the drug store is my cousin 5. Those who want to join the drama club please sigh up here. 6.I was born in a village surrounded by hills on three sides. 7.In the center of the room stood a large table covered with the cleaners tablecloth I had ever see. 8.Those who had the least to give often gave the most. 9. Good teachers are those who encourage students to wok on their own an think for themselves. 2.Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the words in the brackets. 1. had overslept 2. had invited 3. was born, had left 4. had gone, told 5. had worked, were admitted 6. loved, had always been 7. was had been 8. became, had read 9. returned, came 10. met, had once treated, said, was, had done, forgave, asked. 3.Fill in each blank of the passage with ONE suitable word. (1) easy (2) beginning (3) But (4) suddenly (5) worried (6) If (7) master (8) number (9) habit (10) go 4. Translate the following sentences into English 1.Before I came to / entered college, I had never though life at college would be so rich and interesting 2.Most of the Chinese college students born in the 1990s are the only child of their families. 3. All those who know him admire him for his work. 4.I missed the class because I didn’t know it had moved up to Thursday. 5. In some countries, those who are overweight will be punished on way or another. 6. Soon after the fire, those who had lost their homes were taken to a place of safety. 7. When we met again, we found we both had changed a lot. 8.A team of experts headed by Professor Li will soon come and help farmers solve their problems. 9.The field planted with tomatoes used to be wasteland 10. Our teacher told us to read books written by such masters as Mao Dun and Ba Jin. 5. Identify and correct the mistake(s) in each of the sentences. 1.Every day, my father takes me to school himself. 2.Hardships can turn a boy into a man. 3.We tried to persuade him not to do that, but in vain. 4.Last week, I read an interesting story that had taken place during WWII 5.He searched his room for the book but didn’t find it. 6.I tried to put on a brave face, but failed. 7.We must take advantage of the opportunities coming our way. 8.When I was a small boy, I would often sit for hours playing with the few toys I had. 9.Sixteen years of teaching school made/have made an experienced educator out of a timid girl. 10.Before I came, I had imagined college was a paradise where I could relax after the stressful three years of high school.