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2018-2019高二下学期英语开学试卷含答案 第一部分:听力(共两节,共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。第一节:听下面5段对话,选出正确答案。每段对话仅读一遍。1. What are they talking about?A. A holiday. B. A part-time job. C. School hours.2. What does the woman mean? A. She prefers to go shopping. B. She dislikes raining days. C. She thinks it won’t rain.3. How do the two speakers feel about the article? A. Crazy. B. Wonderful. C. Creative.4. What do most people think about the taxing increase? A. Positive. B. Opposed. C. Hard to say.5. What does the woman want to do? A. Visit the man. B. Pick the man up. C. Borrow things from the man.第二节:听下面5段对话或独白,选出正确答案。每段对话读两遍。听第6段材料,回答第6至8题。6. Why was the fountain so special? A. The stream formed different shapes. B. The water is sound-control. C. The bridge is below the fountain.7. How high is the waterfall? A. 15 m. B. 40 m. C. 50 m.8. What does the man think about the fountain? A. Amazing. B. Unreal. C. Advanced.听第7段材料,回答第9至11题。9. What does the woman want to do? A. Buy a phone card. B. Cancel a package. C. Advanced.10. Why doesn’t the woman want to change a new company instead of China Mobile? A. It is the world’s biggest wireless operator. B. She thinks their services are good enough. C. Its services have extended to most parts of China.11. What kind of phones will China Mobile introduce for 3G service? A. With the latest application software. B. With longer standby time. C. With fashion look and powerful function.听第8段材料,回答第12至14题。12. Why is the new generation of office workers called the “Strawberry Generation”? A. They are formally dressed. B. They are well-educated. C. They are unbearable to difficulties.13. Who are called the “Strawberry Generation” nowadays in mainland? A. The only child in the families who just worked for a short time. B. The next generation of the wealthy family. C. The office workers who sit every day.14. What’s the woman’s suggestion for the “Strawberry Generation”? A. Taking more responsibilities in life. B. Taking more exercise on every aspect. C. Taking more pressure in the work.听第9段材料,回答第15至17题。15. What should the zoo do with the polar bear according to the woman? A. Send him to the north polar. B. Treat him better. C. Keep him together with other bears.16. Where does the man want to go? A. Siberia. B. Southern California. C. Alaska.17. What does the man dream to do after he graduates? A. Open a coffee shop. B. Travel with bear. C. Find a job in the zoo.听第10段材料,回答第18至20题。18. What can we know about Diaoyu Islands? A. It belongs to China since the Ming Dynasty by law. B. It was grabbled by Japan in 1895. C. It came under U.S. control after 1951.19. Where are Diaoyu Dao and its surrounding islands located? A. To the western tip of Japan. B. To the south of China. C. To the northeast of China’s Taiwan Island.20. What happened on De cember 13, 2012? A. Japan made Diaoyu Islands nationalization. B. Japanese planes started patrolling on Diaoyu Islands. C. A Chinese plane and four ships ordered Japanese ships to leave China’s waters.第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分35分)第一节(共10个小题;每小题2.5分,满分25分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。A It’s a safe bet that a robot made your car and made your computer. Pretty soon, they could be making your bed and breakfast too. Increasingly, engineers are saying that robots are going to move out of research departments and into your home. Companies including General Electric are working on designs for small robots. Products like the Roomba, a robot that can clean floors, are flying off the shelves. What’s be hind this new robot revolution? It’s partly a matter of technology. Devices that can recognize and respond to a human voice have been developed. There are now a few different ways for robots to move around. They can wal k, crawl or ride on wheels. Robots are being made smaller and smaller. They are also becoming more and more able. A bigger part of the story is on the demand side. From the day the television remote control was invented, people around the world have searched for new ways to be lazy. Take into consideration that more and more people can afford robots, and the time seems ripe to introduce robots to the ordinary family. To be sure, robots that walk on two legs and talk like people are still a long way off. However, robots that do basic housework such as cleaning or gardening are sure to come out soon. One thing is certain—when these robots do come into our homes, it will change things forever.21. The underlined part “flying off the shelves” in the second paragraph means________. A. Selling well. B. Cleaning the shelves smartly. C. Flying freely D. Dropping onto the floor22.Which plays a more important role in revolutionizing the robot? A. Science and technology. B. Rapid development of companies. C. Effective marketing means. D. Great demand from the buyers.23. Which of the following statements is TRUE? A. Robots have already come into every home. B. Technology is the only basis of the development of robots. C. General Electric is not interested in designing small robots. D. Robots that can walk on two legs and talk like people are still far from us. B Here’s this week’s list of four open jobs throughout the local area. Whether you’re unemployed and need a job or you are just sick of the one you have, Roswell Patch wants to help. We know new jobs can be hard to come by these days, which is why we’ll try to post a selection of jobs we’ve found in the area on the site each week. Happy hunting!Part-time Spanish Instructor—World Language Institute, Inc. – Roswell.World Language Institute, Inc. in Roswell is currently hiring a part-time, native-speaking Spanish assistant. A background in relevant work and a driving license are a must for applicants, who can drive a 15-passenger bus to pick up students from several schools, from 2 p. m. – 6 p. m. Monday-Friday. You’ll be paid $400 each week. More information about the job is available online.Experienced Servers—Chili’s – AlpharettaChili’s in Alpharetta is seeking experienced servers to add to its team. Qualifications will include being clean and neat and having great attitude and customer service skills. The pay is $1,500 per month, tips not included. Stop by the store to fill out an application. More information about this position is available online.Registered Nurses—North Fulton Regional Hospital-RoswellNorth Fulton Regional Hospital is looking for a RN/Registered Nurse to fill a 12-hour night shift. Applicants must be registered and previous hospital experience is preferred. The position pays $2,000 per month. More information about the position is available online.Software Engineer—ControlScan-AlpharettaControlScan in Alpharetta is hiring a software engineer. Applicants should have five or more years of relevant experience, as well as advanced knowledge of computer technology. Pay is relevant to experience. More information about the position can be found online.24. Where can we most probably read the passage? A. In a newspaper. B. On a website. C. In a magazine. D. In a textbook.25. Who may feel the most interested in the content of the passage? A. A young man who has just graduated from a college.B. A Chinese teacher who teaches Spanish in a school.C. A person who has a job but is not satisfied with it.D. An undergraduate majoring in engineering.26. What can be inferred from the passage? A. You can only apply for servers of Chili’s in Alpharetta online. B. A registered nurse earns the most handsome salary of the jobs mentioned. C. The applicants need to be experienced in their own fields.D. World Language Institute is looking for a Spanish language instructor. CFew of us make money by losing sleep. But three graduate students at Brown University in Providence built a company around sleep deprivation(睡眠不足). Jason Donahue, Ben Rubin and Eric Shashoua were working late nights in Brown’s business and engineering schools. They began thinking about ways to sleep better. They discovered they weren’t alone in burning the midnight oil. Around 20% of Americans get less than six hours of rest a night. The friends imagined a smart alarm clock that could track how much time people spend in the most restorative( 有恢复作用的) stages of the sleep cycle: REM (rapid eye movement) and deep sleep. What would it cost to design such a thing? Five years of research, 20 employees, $14 million and a whole lot of doubting from investors and scientists. Their company, Zeo, based in Newton, Mass, launched its product in June, 2009. The Zeo device uses a headband with tiny sensors(传感器) that scan your brain for signs of four sleep states-REM, light, deep and waking sleep. The smart alarm clock displays a graph of your sleep pattern and wakes you as you’re not in REM sleep. In the morning you can upload the data to the company’s Web site, and so track your sleep over time. Most of the feedback(反馈) comes in the form of Zeo’s ZQ score showing how well you’ve slept. “Zeo allows people to unlock this black box of sleep,” says Dave Dickinson, a health-care CEO. Whether any of this actually improves sleep is up to the consumer, who will also need to make lifestyle changes like cutting out alcohol before bedtime or caffeine after 3 P.M. For now the company is selling Zeo online only. Dickinson also plans to spread it to countries such as Australia, where sleep deprivation approaches US levels.27. Who will support Zeo? A. People full of imagination. B. People suffering sleeping problems. C. People having access to the Internet. D. People having bad lifestyles.28. Why did the three graduate students imagine a smart alarm clock? A. To wake them up on time in the morning. B. To earn enough money for their study. C. To improve the quality of people’s sleep. D. To enjoy their life while working at night.29. To design the Zeo device, the three graduate students ____. A. spent much time and money B. were widely supported by scientists C. worked by themselves all the time D. attracted many investors30. What can we know from the passage? A. Zeo has a direct effect on users’ lifestyles. B. It needs more personal efforts to make Zeo function better. C. A large quantity of Zeo devices have been sold in Australia. D. Consumers can go to the Zeo company to purchase Zeo in person.第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Different groups around the world are working to expand the uses for mobile technology in health care.In the world, there are six billion mobile phone users in a population of seven billion people. 31 Africa has widespread adoption. Three or four years ago the penetration(渗透) rates were 20 percent or 30 percent, and now they’re getting upwards of 60 percent in some countries. 32 Earlier research had been to look at mobile technologies and AIDS. And so we have some great evidence on the effectiveness of mobiles. During the first week of December, 2012, more than 4,000 people from 50 countries met for the fourth annual mHealth Summit. It brought together experts from what the organizers call the mHealth ecosystem. In 2011 Secretary of State Hillary Clinton started a public/private partnership called the Mobile Alliance for Maternal Action, or MAMA. There are about 800 women a day and about three million babies a year die from pregnancy and childbirth-related causes. 33 The messages cover pregnancy and the first year of a baby’s life. These health messages may also be sent to a pregnant woman’s husband and mother-in-law. 34 . Messages can be text or voicemail. You can have a pregnant woman in Bangladesh registered into a system that provides messages that help her know what to do and when to do certain things. Simple text messages can be important sources of information to people without Internetaccess. 35 They have to be able to read through thousands of entries that come back to them on Google, for example, and then figure out what that information means to them. And that’s not something that someone in a poor and uneducated kind of situation can do. A. That way they too can understand what needs to be done.B. Millions of messages about baby care are received every day.C. A lot of work has been done to use mobile technology for health.D. And the most rapidly growing markets are those in developing countries.E. The program sends messages to women to educate them about their health.F. Besides, online users may sometimes not understand all the information available.第三部分:语言运用(共两节,满分45分)第一节:完形填空(共20个小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C 和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 It’s only after three weeks into a new job that I made a serious mistake. My boss called it “extremely embarrassing” in a company-wide e-mail, which he wrote because he felt he needed to explain that what I did was something 36 in the company should ever do.I wish I could give a good excuse for what I did. At the very least, I wish I could 37 it somehow — 38 it on youth, inexperience or ignorance. Unfortunately, I’m 39 , experienced and I know better. 40 I work with some very kind people. For the past couple of days many of them have taken time to 41 by my desk and offer comfort, encouragement and support. Some have shared with me similar 42 they have made. Evidently I’m not the only “ 43 ” person here.One of the exchanges I had this week was with Lois, the much-honored, much-respected professional who 44 the desk right next to mine. Lois was completely 45 about her work, and to be honest I was a little 46 about how she would 47 _to such an extremely embarrassing incident.As I expected, Lois mentioned the 48 when she saw me the next day. She mentioned it directly, 49 with empathetic(感同身受的) consideration. Sh e listened to my 50 . Just as I was ready to express my regrets, she brought my self-pity to a(n) 51 .“It happened”, she said, “There’s nothing you can do to 52 that. It happened. But it’s over now. It’s 53 . It’s in t
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